CE marking for cables: EN50575 standard
EN 50575 is a harmonised European standard for cables in construction works subject to reaction to fire requirements under the European Construction Products Regulation. The standard was due to coming to affect in December 2015, but for legal reasons implementation has been delayed until the 1st of July 2016.
EN 50575 covers power, control and communication cables for general applications in construction works subject to reaction to fire requirements. This new European standard will change fire performance requirements for cabling being installed in buildings. The standard will directly affect all those involved in the supply, procurement and installation of telecommunications cabling with radical changes on how cables must be specified with respect to their reaction to fire. Manufacturers will have just 12 months to ensure compliance with this news standard.
Important: non-compliance after 1st of July 2017 will constitute a restriction or prohibition of cables on the EU market without a CE mark.
New fire classes for cables
According to EN 50575 the cables should be tested for:
- energy content,
- spread of fire, smoke,
- heat emission and
- droplet formation (burning drops of plastic that spread fire).
There are seven new classes: Aca, B1ca, B2ca, Cca, Dca, Eca and Fca.
|Aca||Applies to non-flammable products such as cables with ceramic insulation.|
|B1ca||Represents the top class of flammable cables.|
|B2ca, Cca||Correspond to cables that may contribute to some spread of fire.|
|Dca||Corresponds to fire properties such as normal wood.|
|Eca||Is made up of cables that are flame-retardant in small fires, but for which no heat and smoke production has been determined.|
|Fca||Means that no fire properties have been determined.|
EN 50575 became a harmonised standard on the 10th of June 2016. As of now it is possible to apply for a CE mark. As of 1st of July 2017 it is mandatory to provide cables with a CE mark.
CE Marking for cables in construction products regulation
Manufacturers (or importers) who want to CE Mark their products need to draw up a Declaration of Performance (DoP). The DoP should be drawn up in the language required by the EU country, where the product is supposed to be sold. Besides this the DoP should contain defined information such as product identification, its intended use and its declared performance and.
If the product has been properly tested, a valid DoP has been issued and a System of Assessment and Verification (formerly known as a Factory Production Control) is in place, a CE mark may be affixed. Important, the CE Mark and the year in which the CE Marking was first affixed needs to be placed on the labels on cable drums and boxes. The cable itself does not need to bear the CE Marking nor contain any other of CPR requirements for labelling.